Trasimeno Lake

Lago Trasimeno

The area was inhabited since prehistoric times, as evidenced by the findings now preserved in the National Archaeological Museum of Umbria. In 217 B.C. on the banks of the lake took place the Battle of Lake Trasimeno, the Carthaginian forces of Hannibal defeated the Roman legions of the consul Gaius Flaminius. Subsequently, during the lifetime of Claudius, to overcome the problem of frequent floods of the Trasimeno, the Romans built the first artificial outlet connected to the River Tiber.
In Lake Trasimeno are three islands Polvese, the Major and the Minor. The island Polvese is located in the south-east and is the largest island of the three (69.60 hectares). Since 1995, the Province of Perugia, owner since 1973, has declared scientificeducational park and there carries out: scientific research, experimentation and environmental education. In the eastern and southern part is a vast wetland which gives shelter to various species of birds and amphibians.
The Isola Maggiore is the only inhabited island in a stable manner, in fact, the island has 18 inhabitants (Istat, 2011) and has an area of 24 hectares, enclosed in a perimeter of 2 km. The island is connected to the mainland by a ferry service to the countries of Tuoro sul Trasimeno, Passignano and Castiglione del Lago. A dense network of trails covers the entire island, unraveling through a grove of olive trees, holm oak, pine , cypress, poplar and other Mediterranean varieties.
The Isola Minore rises to approximately 20 m from the lake surface (to 258 m s.l.m.), it has the shape of a comma with dimensions of about 450 x 260 m and a total area of 0.05 square kilometers. The island is covered by dense forest vegetation, including pines and oaks, you as a refuge for a large colony of cormorants.